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Chinese Investors Are Buying Fewer US Homes
Why Are Chinese Investors Buying Fewer U.S. homes?
No single problem explains the drop, but it’s now harder to move money out of China – and its slowing economy has dampened appetites for international investing.
LOS ANGELES – Home sales are hurting. Even with lower mortgages rates and a sales pick-up in July, purchases of homes are still down significantly compared with 2018.
But while analysts typically blame high prices and growing worries about a possible recession, another factor also is playing a prominent role: Foreign buyers, particularly the Chinese, have pulled back sharply from the U.S. real estate market.
Foreign investors purchased $77.9 billion in residential property in the 12 months ending in March, down 36% from the previous 12-month period, the National Association of Realtors said in a recent report.
China, meanwhile, topped all other countries for the seventh consecutive year, with $13.4 billion in home purchases, but that was down a whopping 56% from the previous year, NAR said. About half those sales were all cash, down from 58% a year earlier. The next largest international buyers – Canada, India and the United Kingdom – also had big drops, but they represent smaller shares of the market.
“The magnitude of (China’s) decline is quite striking, implying less confidence in owning a property in the U.S.,” says Lawrence Yun, chief economist of NAR. All told, existing U.S. home sales are down about 3% so far this year from the same period in 2018 despite a 2.5% increase in July from the previous month, NAR figures show.
Why a Chinese decline?
A big reason Chinese investors are retreating from the American housing market is that Beijing has placed tight limits on how much capital can leave the country in the wake of a devaluation in the yuan a few years ago.
“In China, each family member has been restricted to $50,000 or less,” says Steven Ho, senior loan officer at Quontic, a New York City-based bank. That makes it tougher for Chinese investors to elbow out American buyers with all-cash offers. “A few years before, these restrictions were not so stringent.”
The government toughened capital controls last year as the Chinese economy weakened, Ho says.
Also, China’s slowing economy itself has dampened the confidence and purchasing appetite of Chinese buyers, Yun says. The Trump administration’s trade war with China, he says, has further chilled investment in U.S. housing.
Meanwhile, more Chinese homeowners have been selling their American houses and condos because they can’t pay the maintenance costs with their money trapped in China, says Jeff Lu, vice president of Fidelity National Title Insurance Company.
California is the epicenter of Chinese residential investment in the U.S., with 34% of purchases in the state. Other significant hubs are New York, New Jersey, Florida and Texas.
In Irvine, population 280,000, “there are 65,000 houses … and 21,000 of them are owned by Chinese.” Lu of Fidelity National says.
“It’s normal for Chinese buyers to raise the price aggressively,” says Phil Lee, a broker at Keller Williams in Irvine. “For example, a $1.2 million house, they pay $1.22 million, all in cash.”
In recent years, Chinese investors made about half of all home purchases in the city, but that share has fallen to about 36% in 2019, Lu says.
The pullback is depressing prices. In the first half of the year, the median home sale price in Irvine fell to $820,000 from $834,000, according to Zillow.
“It’s good news for local Americans who are looking to buy a home – larger supply and less competitors,” Lu added.
The drop-off in Chinese investors has especially affected the upper end of the market. After decades of economic growth, China has created a class of nouveau riche, many of whom want to buy U.S. homes as a solid investment or as a home for their children who attend American colleges.
“The wealthy Chinese see the U.S. as a safe harbor to park their money, and also an ideal place for their children’s education,” says Lin Pan, the founder of Lin Pan Realty Group, a Chinese real estate brokerage in Long Island, New York.
“The condos in midtown Manhattan used to be one of their favorite choices because they’re brand new, with the best view and positive valued-added space,” says Xiang Jill Ji, a broker with Douglas Elliman Real Estate in New York. But at a recent open house, few Chinese shoppers showed up, she says.
Copyright 2019, USATODAY.com, USA TODAY, Yan Zhang
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